Piriformis Syndrome - Trigger Point Release of the Piriformis
Piriformis syndrome occurs when the sciatic nerve is compressed by the piriformis muscle. It is a neuromuscular disorder which is relatively uncommon.
It is usually characterised by pain, numbness or tingling in the buttocks region. There may be a dull ache or tenderness too. In some cases the pain can be extreme and refer down the length of the sciatic nerve and into the leg (also known as sciatica). Pain can be triggered when climbing the stairs, lifting heavy objects, sitting for long periods of time or even running.
There is no single test for this condition. It is often the case that there has been a history of trauma, perhaps from vigorous and repetitive activities such a long distance running. In order to diagnose piriformis syndrome, a physical exam would be necessary alongside the patient's description of the symptoms. In some cases it may be necessary to get an MRI to rule out other conditions such as a herniated disc.
Treating Piriformis Syndrome and Sciatic Pain
Treating the Trigger Points in the Piriformis with Dry Needling - Paul Townley