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Palmaris Longus Muscle 

 

 

Median Nerve Stretch

 

Pain from Palmaris Longus Trigger Points is typically experienced as a needle-like sensation

The Palmaris Longus decelerates extension of the hand at the wrist while decelerating supination of the hand against gravity and extension of the forearm at the elbow.

A focal point of pain from the palmaris longus is experienced as a needle-like sensation, rather than the deep aching pain of myofascial trigger points in many other muscles.

Pain can extend to the base of the thumb and the distal crease of the palm. A residue of this pain can travel to the distal volar forearm.

Part of the superficial layer, which also includes the pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis, and flexor carpi ulnaris.

The palmaris longus muscle is absent in 13% of the population.

  

Palmaris Longus Trigger Points

Palmaris Longus - Common Trigger Point Site

 

Origin

Common flexor origin on anterior aspect of medial epicondyle of humerus.

Insertion

Superficial (front) surface of flexor retinaculum and apex of palmar aponeurosis.

Action

Flexes wrist. Tenses palmar fascia.

Antagonists: extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi ulnaris.

Nerve

Median nerve, C(6), 7, 8, T1. 

Basic Functional Movement

Examples: grasping a small ball; cupping palm to drink from hand.

 

Palmaris Longus Trigger Points Pain Map

Palmaris Longus Trigger Points - Typical Referred Pain Pattern

 

Trigger Point Referred Pain Patterns

Diffuse pain in anterior forearm; intense pain zone 2–3 cm in palm of hand, surrounded by a superficial zone of prickling and needle-like sensations.

Indications

Pain and “soreness” in palm of hand, tenderness in hand/palm, functional loss of power in grip, tennis elbow.

Causes

Direct trauma (e.g. fall on outstretched arm), occupational, racquet sports, digging in palm.

Differential Diagnosis

Neurogenic pain. Dupuytren’s contracture. Carpal tunnel syndrome. Complex regional pain syndrome (reflex-sympathetic dystrophy). Scleroderma. Dermatomyositis.

Connections

Flexor carpi radialis, brachialis, pronator teres, wrist joints (carpals), often associated with middle head of triceps brachii.

Self Help

Self-massage techniques can be helpful, especially using balls.

Advice

Avoid prolonged “gripping,” especially of power tools. Stretching and heat. Regular breaks.

Trigger Point Treatment Techniques

Spray and Stretch YES
Deep Stroking Massage YES
Compression YES
Muscle Energy YES
Positional Release YES
Dry Needling YES
Wet Needling YES

  

 

 

 

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