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Fire Cupping


Fire cupping has been garnering increased attention in the Western world - we take a look at what it is and who's doing it

Fire cupping, an ancient therapeutic practice rooted in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), has been garnering increased attention in the Western world, particularly among athletes and those seeking alternative treatments for chronic pain. In this blog post, we explore the origins of fire cupping, its application, popularity in the West, and the recent demonstration of the 'Flash Cupping' technique by TCM expert, Dr. Constance Bradley.


The Origins of Fire Cupping

The art of fire cupping traces its roots back to ancient Chinese, Egyptian, and Middle Eastern cultures. The Ebers Papyrus, one of the oldest medical textbooks in the world, describes the Egyptians' use of cupping in 1,550 B.C. However, the practice truly flourished within the realm of TCM, where it was used to restore the body's 'qi'—the vital life energy circulating within us.

How Does Fire Cupping Work?

Fire cupping is a type of negative pressure massage. A practitioner places a cup—usually made of glass—on the patient's skin and then introduces heat inside the cup, typically by briefly igniting a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. As the fire goes out, it creates a vacuum inside the cup, causing the skin to rise and redden as blood vessels expand. The cup is generally left in place for up to 10 minutes.

The underlying philosophy of fire cupping in TCM is to dispel stagnation of blood and lymphatic fluids, thereby improving qi flow, reducing pain, promoting relaxation, and accelerating healing.

Who Uses Fire Cupping?

While fire cupping has been a standard treatment in TCM for centuries, it is increasingly used in the West by athletes, celebrities, and those seeking alternative or complementary treatments for conditions like chronic pain, inflammation, and stress. The 2016 Rio Olympics brought fire cupping into the global spotlight when high-profile athletes, including US swimmer Michael Phelps, were seen with the characteristic circular marks associated with the practice.

How Common is Fire Cupping in the West Nowadays?

Though once largely confined to the realm of TCM, fire cupping has gained significant traction in the West over the past few decades. It is now commonly offered at wellness centers, spas, and even some physical therapy clinics. The procedure has become so mainstream that the British Cupping Society, an organization dedicated to promoting and integrating this ancient therapy into modern healthcare, has been established.

Fire Cupping in Action

For a practical glimpse into the world of fire cupping, refer to the video accompanying this blog post, where Dr. Constance Bradley, a TCM expert, demonstrates a method known as "Empty Cupping" or "FlashCupping." This technique involves swiftly placing and removing the cup multiple times, which can invigorate blood flow without leaving significant cupping marks.

Warning: Fire Safety

Fire cupping involves the use of actual flames, and when not performed correctly by trained professionals, it can pose serious risks, including burns and skin damage. Always seek treatment from a certified practitioner, and NEVER attempt this technique without proper training.


  1. Cao, H., Li, X., & Liu, J. (2012). An Updated Review of the Efficacy of Cupping Therapy. PLoS ONE, 7(2), e31793. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031793
  2. Tham, L. M., Lee, H. P., & Lu, C. (2006). Cupping: from a biomechanical perspective. Journal of biomechanics, 39(12), 2183–2193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.06.014
  3. Rozenfeld, E., & Kalichman, L. (2016). New is the well-forgotten old: The use of dry cupping in musculoskeletal medicine. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 20(1), 173–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.11.009


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